In Grade 1, you need to know the following terms and signs. Remember there is a webinar on this subject for you to view and you can also try the ‘quick test’.
|accelerando||gradually getting quicker|
|allegretto||fairly quick (but not as quick as allegro)|
|andante||at a walking pace|
|cantabile||in a singing style|
|crescendo (or cresc.)||gradually getting louder|
|da capo (or D.C.)||repeat from the beginning|
|dal segno (or D.S.)||repeat from the sign|
|descrescendo (or decresc.)||gradually getting quieter|
|diminuendo (or dim.)||gradually getting quieter|
|ff (fortissimo)||very loud|
|mf (mezzo forte)||moderately loud|
|mp (mezzo piano)||moderately quiet|
|pp (pianissimo)||very quiet|
|rallentando (or rall.)||gradually getting slower|
|ritardando (or rit.)||gradually getting slower|
|ritenuto (or rit.)||held back|
|staccato (or stacc.)||detached|
Below are the signs you need to know for Grade 1.
These signs above and below the notes are accents.
A dot over or under a note means staccato (short and detached).
This sign over or under a note is a pause. Pause on the note.
This sign over a group of notes is called a slur, not to be confused with a tie. Perform the notes smoothly.